Skip to main content


Starting around 1725, when a German organ builder Gottfried Silbermann that records of Freiberg adopted Cristofori's action, the next major development occurred in Germany. Perhaps the most important contribution was made by Johann Andreas Stein of Augsburg, who is credited with creating an enhanced escape that became the basis of the piano "Vienna" was praised by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and the German composer favored by most of the 19th and early 18th centuries-an-century. Twelve master from Germany migrated to central London around 1760 and founded the English school which, under John Broadwood and others, switched to piano production of building a strong, resembling those of our time. The French producer Sebastien Erard founded the French school in the 1790s, and in 1823 created a double action which is still in common usage.

At this time craftsmen in all Western countries working to perfect the pianoforte. Many improvements have been and are still being made in the design and construction. Germany and the United States has long been distinguished for the piano very well, especially those of companies founded by Karl Bechstein German and American companies Baldwin, Mason & Hamlin, Steinway, and Chickering. The pianos of Bösendorfer Austrian companies are also highly respected.

Compass of the piano early, only four, or at most, five octaves, but gradually increased to more than seven octave compass as the structural changes that are allowed to increase the tension of several tons.


Popular posts from this blog

The Impact of Pandemic COVID-19 on Residential or Real Estate Investment

Thank God, alhamdulillah,  the COVID-19 pandemic is over, WHO (World Health Organization) has said it is no longer a global health emergency. We are all aware that this pandemic has had a major impact on various sectors in the world. One of the most affected is the property business especially real estate/ residential sector.  The high operational costs of the property business were not in line with income, because the level of sales also fell. This condition certainly makes the property industry experienced a quite severe decline. Some economists said there will be a better possibility in property sector business after pandemic. There are some impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on residential investment:

Digital Transformation Seminar for MSMEs

It's an honor for me to be one of the keynote speakers at Digital Transformation Seminar which held in Widyatama University Bandung on Thursday, October 26th , 2023. It is one of International Community Service Programs (Training & Counselling) presented by Magister Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Widyatama University.  This seminar entitled “Digital Transformation Strategy Competencies Development to Create Sustainable Business for MSMEs in Bandung City”, the participants were business owners (SMSE) and students of Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Malaysia. 

Vito and Pocoyo's World

POCOYO Pocoyo is a little boy who loves to explore, play games and have fun. Recognized around the world, Pocoyo can be found on television, on the Internet, on DVDs, in books and on mobile phones. Pocoyo is everywhere.Watch Pocoyo on TV and share fun adventures with him and his best friend